Child Safety

National Center for Missing and Exploited ChildrenThe provided information, which comes from the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC), helps parents identify behaviors that may indicate inappropriate activities online. For further information, or to report incidents, please contact the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children at 800-843-5678.


Although online computer exploration opens a world of possibilities for children, expanding their horizons and exposing them to different cultures and different ways of life, they can also be exposed to dangers while exploring the information highway. There are individuals who attempt to sexually exploit children through the Internet. Some of these individuals gradually seduce their targets through the use of attention, affection, kindness, and even gifts. These predators often are willing to devote considerable amounts of time, money, and energy to this process. 

They empathize with the problems of children, and know all about their latest music, hobbies, and interests. They attempt to gradually lower children's inhibitions by slowly introducing sexual context and content into their conversations. By this time the child will consider the person a "friend," and won't want to hurt their feelings or get them into trouble.

Warning Signs

Your child spends large amounts of time online, especially at night. Most children who fall victim to computer sex offenders spend large amounts of time online, particularly in chat rooms. They may go online after dinner and on the weekends. They may be latchkey kids whose parents have told them to stay at home after school. They go online to chat with friends, make new friends, pass time, and sometimes look for sexually explicit information. 

While much of the knowledge and experience gained may be valuable, parents should consider monitoring the amount of time spent online. Children online are at the greatest risk during the evening hours. While offenders are online around the clock, most work during the day and spend their evenings online trying to locate and lure children or seeking pornography.

You Find Pornography on Your Child's Computer

Pornography is often used in the sexual victimization of children. Sex offenders often supply their potential victims with pornography as a means of opening sexual discussions and for seduction. Child pornography may be used to show the child victim that sex between children and adults is "normal." Parents should be conscious of the fact that a child may hide the pornographic files on diskettes from them. This may be especially true if the computer is used by other family members.

Your Child Receives Phone Calls from Men You Don't Know or Is Making Long-Distance Calls

While talking to a child victim online is a thrill for a computer sex offender, it can be very cumbersome. Most want to talk to the children on the phone, engaging in "phone sex" and seeking to set up an actual meeting for real sex. While a child may be hesitant to give out their home phone number, computer sex offenders will give out theirs. With caller identification, they can readily find out the child's phone number. 

Some computer-sex offenders have even obtained toll-free 800 numbers, so that their potential victims can call them without their parents finding out. Others will tell the child to call collect. Both of these methods result in the computer sex offender being able to find out the child's phone number.

Your Child Receives Mail, Gifts, or Packages from Someone You Don't Know

As part of the seduction process, it is common for offenders to send letters, photographs, and gifts to their potential victims. Computer sex offenders have even sent plane tickets for the child to travel across the country to meet them.

Your Child Turns the Computer Monitor off or Quickly Changes the Monitor Screen When You Come into the Room

A child looking at pornographic images or having sexually explicit conversations does not want you to see it on the screen.

Your Child Becomes Withdrawn from the Family

Computer sex offenders will work very hard at driving a wedge between a child and their family or at exploiting their relationship. They will accentuate any minor problems at home that the child might have. Children may also become withdrawn after sexual victimization.

Your Child Is Using an Online Account Belonging to Someone Else

Even if you don't subscribe to an online service, your child may meet an offender online at a friend's house or at the library. Computer sex offenders will sometimes provide potential victims with a computer account for communications with them.

What You Should Do if You Suspect Your Child Is Communicating with a Sexual Predator Online

  • Consider talking openly with your child about your suspicions. Tell them about the dangers of computer sex offenders.
  • Review what is on your child's computer. If you don't know how, ask a friend, co-worker, relative, or other knowledgeable person. Pornography or any kind of sexual communication can be a warning sign.
  • Use Caller identification (ID) service to determine who is calling your child. Most telephone companies that offer Caller ID also offer a service that allows you to block your number from appearing on someone else's Caller ID.
  • As part of the seduction process, it is common for offenders to send letters, photographs, and gifts to their potential victims. Computer sex offenders have even sent plane tickets for the child to travel across the country to meet them.
  • Telephone companies also offer an additional service feature that rejects incoming calls that you block. This rejection feature prevents computer sex offenders or anyone else from calling your home anonymously.
  • Devices can be purchased that show telephone numbers that have been dialed from your home phone. Also, the last number called from your home phone can be retrieved provided that the telephone is equipped with a redial feature. You will also need a telephone pager to complete this retrieval. This is done using a numeric-display pager and another phone that is on the same line as the first phone with the redial feature.
  • Monitor your child's access to all types of live electronic communications (i.e, chat rooms, instant messages, Internet Relay Chat, etc.), and monitor your child's email. Computer sex offenders almost always meet potential victims via chat rooms or instant messaging. After meeting a child online, they will continue to communicate electronically, often via email.

Situations that Require Law Enforcement Intervention

Should any of the following situations arise in your household, via the Internet or online service, you should immediately contact your local or state law enforcement agency, the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI), or the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children:

  • Your child received child pornography.
  • Your child has been sexually solicited by someone who knows that your child is under 18 years of age.
  • Your child has received sexually explicit images from someone who knows your child is under the age of 18.

If one of these scenarios occurs, keep the computer turned off in order to preserve any evidence for future law enforcement use. Unless directed to do so by the law enforcement agency, you should not attempt to copy any of the images and/or text found on the computer.

What You Can Do to Minimize the Chances of an Online Exploiter Victimizing Your Child

  • Communicate, and talk to your child about sexual victimization and potential online danger.
  • Spend time with your children online. Have them teach you about their favorite online destinations.
  • Keep the computer in a common room in the house, the family room, your den, not in your child's bedroom or tucked away in the basement. It is much more difficult for a computer sex offender to communicate with a child when the computer screen is visible to a parent or another member of the household.
  • Use parental controls provided by your service provider and/or blocking software. While electronic chat can be a great place for children to make new friends and discuss various topics of interest, it is also prowled by computer sex offenders. Use of chat rooms, in particular, should be heavily monitored. While parents should use these mechanisms, they should not rely on them totally.
  • Always maintain access to your child's online account and randomly check their email. Be aware that your child could be contacted through the U.S. mail. Be up front with your child about your access and reasons why.
  • Teach your child the responsible use of the resources online. Chat rooms are only a very small part of the total online experience.
  • Find out what computer safeguards are used by your child's school, the public library, and at the homes of your child's friends. These are all places, outside your normal supervision, where your child could encounter an online predator.
  • Understand, even if your child was a willing participant in any form of sexual exploitation, that he/she is not at fault and is the victim. The offender always bears the complete responsibility for his or her actions.

Additional Safeguards

  • Instruct your children to never arrange a face-to-face meeting with someone they meet online.
  • Instruct your children to never upload (post) pictures of themselves onto the Internet or online service to people they do not personally know.
  • Instruct your children to never give out identifying information such as their name, home address, school name, or telephone number.
  • Instruct your children to never download pictures from an unknown source, as there is a good chance there could be sexually explicit images.
  • Instruct your children to never respond to messages or bulletin board postings that are suggestive, obscene, belligerent, or harassing.
  • Instruct your children that whatever they are told online may or may not be true.